Diabetes Specialist

Janet Sanchez, MD -  - Internal Medicine

Janet Sanchez, MD

Internal Medicine located in Elmhurst, NY

Diabetes is a significant cause of death in the United States, but it may not produce any apparent symptoms. Dr. Janet Sanchez helps to diagnose and treat patients with diabetes in Elmhurst, New York. From weight gain and fatigue to skin problems and headaches, diabetes symptoms are easy to manage when you have the right care and medical expertise.

Diabetes Q & A

What causes diabetes?

There are two main types of diabetes, and each has its own symptoms and causes.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition that occurs when your immune system attacks pancreatic beta cells, which are responsible for making insulin. When this happens, sugar can’t correctly circulate through your cells, so it builds up in your bloodstream and creates blood sugar imbalances. Type 1 diabetes usually develops in childhood or adolescence.

Type 2 diabetes

With type 2 diabetes, the way your body utilizes insulin is also compromised, but an autoimmune response doesn't cause it. Instead, excess weight, genetics, metabolic syndrome, or dietary choices usually cause type 2 diabetes.

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

One of the challenging things about diagnosing diabetes is that you may not notice any symptoms. However, both types of diabetes can share similar symptoms, including:

  • Sudden weight loss or weight gain
  • Slow-healing wounds
  • Blurry vision
  • Fatigue

If you have diabetes, you might also experience headaches, unusual feelings of thirst, or extreme cravings for carbohydrates. Since the hallmark symptom of diabetes is extreme highs and lows of your blood sugar, your symptoms could change depending on how much or what you’ve eaten.

Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes can cause other health complications, which might delay or prevent you from getting a proper diagnosis.

How is diabetes treated?

Dr. Sanchez can help you manage the symptoms of diabetes and regain more control over your health and your life.

Type 1 diabetes has no cure, but patients can live normal lives with the help of prescription insulin. If you have type 1 diabetes, you’ll need to learn how to monitor your blood sugar carefully several times a day and self-administer insulin if your blood sugar drops too low.

Type 2 diabetes is reversible with proper dietary and lifestyle changes. Those include limiting or reducing your carbohydrate consumption, exercising more, and ― in some cases ― taking prescription medication that helps to regulate your blood sugar.

Dr. Sanchez can create a treatment plan that takes into account your unique needs and health goals. To schedule an initial consultation call today.